SSH Keys are small text files meant to be exchanged in lieu of passwords for verifying access to a remote server. A SSH key consists of two parts: a public and a private key. The public key is what resides on the remote server and the private key is stored on your local device. The public key is not a secret but the private key should never be shared with anyone nor uploaded to any untrusted location.
Using SSH keys is more secure than passwords as they are more difficult to crack compared to typical passwords. For example, using standard computing power it may take over a million years to crack an SSH key, but a standard password will take far less time to compromise. Additionally, SSH keys are more convenient as you don’t have to type your password in each time you want to connect to a remote server.
Before you can use SSH keys you must generate or import a key pair. In this article we will discuss generating a key pair. To get started, run the
config command in Blink Shell to access the configuration pane.
Once that is done the Settings dialog will open as shown below:
Click on the
Keys button to enter the SSH keys menu.
In the above example we see that there is a default key named
id_rsa. The default keys are always named
id_ed25519, and these will be the keys used first to authenticate. You can have multiple SSH keys to connect to multiple SSH servers. To create a key, click the
+ icon at the top and you will be presented with the New Key dialog as shown below:
Blink creates a default key named
id_rsa. If you wish to create another key, please give a descriptive name of your choosing. As a suggestion, if you are going to generate a specific key pair for access to a specific server, we would recommend naming the key the hostname of that server so that's easy to remember in the future.
By default, Blink Shell suggests RSA keys which have been the standard for years. Nowadays other types of keys based on other mathematical problems like elliptic curves are becoming a trend. If your server supports it, you can create an ECDSA or Ed25519 key. For RSA keys, a 2048 bit key is probably large enough, but you can even choose a 4096 bit key for extra security if you desire.
If you wish, you may provide a passphrase for your key. This will encrypt the private key so that if it is ever compromised it will not be useable without knowing the passphrase. An SSH connection is still encrypted and secure if you choose not to protect your key, but if you do, you will ensure an extra measure of security. Keep in mind that the encryption of your private key is only as good as the passphrase you choose to use. You can use a website like How Secure is My Password to determine the strength of your passphrase.
Blink stores your private key on the iOS Keychain, which is quite secure as it is protected through Secure Enclave. So even if you choose not to protect your private key with a passphrase, it is still stored in a secure area on your device.
The Blink command
ssh-copy-id command can be used to copy the public key to a remote host. This will effectively install the key for use in your connection to that server. The syntax of the command is:
ssh-copy-id identity_file user@host
identity_file argument is the name of your SSH key pair. The
user is the remote username, and the
host is the remote hostname. You may also specify an IP address instead of a hostname.
There are two different ways to establish a connection to a remote server - via SSH or via Mosh. SSH will work in all cases, but if Mosh is available it is preferred for mobile devices or internet/network connections that may encounter high latency or frequent disconnects.
To connect via SSH:
In this example, an SSH connection is established with the username user to the remote IP
18.104.22.168. You may also specify a hostname instead of an IP address. Since no key was specified, the default key
id_rsa will be used.
ssh -i your_key myhost
In the above example, the key
your_key is used to connect to the pre-defined host
myhost. You can add pre-defined hosts in the Hosts section of the application.
To connect with Mosh, the syntax is mostly the same:
mosh -I your_key host
In this example,
your_key is the SSH key to use, and
host is the host entry to use in the connection.